Istanbul offers travelers various great places to visit because it had been the capital of the Byzantine and Ottoman empires. And, Hagia Sophia is one of the best places that you need to see with its artistic and architectural treasures underthe magnificent dome. Istanbul Tours
Hagia Sophia was the largest church in the Eastern Roman Empire in lstanbul and was built three times. It was first named “Megale Ekklesia (Great Church) and later in the 5th century it was called as Hagia Sophia, meaning “Holy Wisdom”. It has gained its present structure during its 3rdbuilt in between 532-537 on the order of Byzantine Emperor Justine I.Turkey Tours It had served as the cathedral, the largest church of the capital and hosted the coronation ceremonies of emperors. Anotherthing that makes the Hagia Sophia gorgeous is that, it has considered to be built on the Temple of Artemis and survived all the earthquakes and fires for more than 1500 years. Tours in Turkey
It has a significant importance for the denominations of Orthodox and Catholic. During the Latin invasion, it had been ruined heavily. Islamic elements had been started to seen in Hagia Sophia after the conquest of the city by the Ottoman Empire Eatih Sultan Mehmet. In particular, the works of Mimar Sinan played a major role in regaining its former glory which was destroyed during Latin invasion.
Throughout its history, Hagia Sophia had served two great semitic religion and now both its interior and exterior sections present the visitors the architectural uniqueness and cultural values. The first place that you need to see on the outside is the Tombs of Sultans. On the other hand, the most important part inside of the museum is the magnificent dome which was built by using the bricks produced from the land on Rhodes Island
The work of converting Hagia Sophia to a museum had been concluded between 1930-1935 by the request of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Most of the floor pavers and wall mosaics have been brought to life is a result of the restoration works carried out during this period.